julliette marvin

Founder Juliette Norton Marvin (photograph from the Courier-Journal, September 1913)

Norton heiress, Julian Norton Marvin, offered Southern Baptist Seminary funds for a church building if the Baptists would purchase the land. Hoping to aid students’ mission work, the seminary agreed to the deal by hiring one of their own trustees, Basil Manly, to get the job done. In 1891 Manly purchased property at the corner of Grinstead Avenue (formerly Transit Avenue) and Cherokee Road. Simultaneously, the congregation began taking shape by meeting in homes for prayer and at the German Baptist Orphans’ Home (near Cave Hill Cemetery) for Sunday School.


HBC First Sanctuary

Highland’s first sanctuary building, built in 1893

On May 11, 1893, twenty-seven charter members of Highland Baptist Church held their first Sunday service in the sanctuary. The educational building completed in 1908 still stands today. Louise Tucker served as Highland’s first missionary by traveling to China in 1910.

The 1920s were a boom time for Highland—with membership exceeding 800 by ’27. The Great Depression of the 1930s challenged Highland to live into its original missionary intent by reaching out to those in financial straights. Further, Highland sheltered over 100 refugees during the 1937 flood.

Like in most American churches, post-World War II congregational growth continued. With the start of a successful building fund, a dedication of new educational space in 1960, and renewed enthusiasm, membership totaled more than 1400 by 1960.

Highland’s neighborhood evolved throughout the 1960s from a suburban area to part of Louisville’s urban core. Apartment dwellers replaced young home-owning families. Undeterred by these geographic shifts, the church’s connection to the seminary empowered them to engage urban ministries. Pastor, Nathan Cohn Brooks, former president of the Carver School of Missions and Social Work, hired a social worker, sponsored a coffee shop on Bardstown Road in cooperation with other local churches, and converted the parsonage into the “Highlander,” a neighborhood activity center.

1916 photograph of the current sanctuary and educational wing

1916 photograph of the current sanctuary and educational wing



Laying cornerstone for new educational building

Deacon Damon Surgener with pastor Hankins Parker, at the cornerstone laying for the “new” educational building, 1953


Baptistery Window

Stained glass window next to the new elevated baptistery, dedicated in 1972.

Don Burke brought with his installation as pastor in 1970 a period of both physical and liturgical renewal. The stained glass windows were dedicated on July 16, 1972 alongside additional renovations like the elevated baptistery, a simple cross atop the sanctuary, and a new 24-rank Schantz organ.

Highland’s tradition of adaptation welcomed further change in the 1980s and 90s. While the neighborhood population increased, Highland welcomed female deacons in 1984, and affiliated with the Cooperative Baptist Fellowship as the Southern Baptists embraced a more rigid fundamentalism.

Crosses Bell

Jack, Vaughn, and John Bell place a cross on the lawn in memory of a member of the Louisville community lost to violence.

Highland called Joe Phelps as pastor in 1997. Joe originated Friday Church, a place of welcome for those in the recovery community; conducted significant sanctuary, fellowship hall, and education space renovations; developed mission partnerships around the globe, including Morocco; begun our annual tradition of placing a cross on the lawn during Peace Sunday in Advent to commemorate each life lost to violence that year; and expanded the clergy staff.

Highland now recognizes all forms of baptism, ordains and marries friends in the LGBTQ community, and engages much-needed social justice work like sponsoring refugee families and responding to systemic racism.